The evolution of mass media is an elongated, marked with milestones journey that is still being continued. The evolution of mass media occurred due to the need to pass on a message. In ultra-modern times the line between necessity and luxury is getting blurred but the bloom of mass media keeps on growing.
Mass media and its evolution came into being as one of the direst necessities of mankind that were to stay informed and connected in a way that was beyond the capability of humane physical senses.
The earliest form of information for the masses was inscribed on stones, caves and pillars, there always has been necessary to pass on important information through generations along with spreading it to the masses.
The modern mass communication bloomed with the printing press and it has not stopped since. In this article, we will see the chronological order of the evolution of mass media throughout the ages.
1041: Movable Clay type printing in China
1440: The First Printing Press in the world by German goldsmith Johannes Gutenberg
1477: First Printed advertisement in a book by William Caxton
1774: Invention of Electric Telegraph by George Louis Lesage
1829: Invention of Typewriter by W.S. Burt
1876: Invention of Telephone by Alexander Graham Bell
1877: Invention of the phonograph by Thomas Alva Edison
1894: Invention of Radio by Guglielmo Marconi
The early 1900’s: Starting of the Golden Age for Television, Radio and Cinema
1918: First colour movie shot Cupid Angling
1920: Invention of TV by John Logie Baird and First Radio Commercial Broadcast by KDKA radio station a daughter company of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company
1923: The first news Magazine was Launched - TIME
1927: First TV transmission by Philo Farnsworth
1940: Community Antenna Television system, Early cable
1950: Black and White TV came out and became mainstream
1960: Rise of FM Radio
1963: Introduction of Audio Cassettes
1972: Email was developed by Ray Tomlinson
1973: First handheld Mobile Phone by John Mitchel, and Martin Cooper
1975: Introduction of VCRs
1980: Color television became mainstream and First Online Newspaper - Columbus Dispatch
1981: IBM Personal Computer is introduced
1985: Microsoft Windows is launched
1986: MCI Mail - First Commercial Email Service
The 1990s to 2000s: Invention of the Internet, Birth of Social Networking Sites, and Emergence of Social Media.
1991: World Wide Web came into being by Sir Timothy John-Berners Lee
1995: Microsoft Internet Explorer was launched
1997: DVDs replaced VCR
2001: Instant Messaging Services
2002: Satellite Radio is launched
The mass media is now heading towards the needs and wants of the users. It is heading towards a position that is aimed at a greater good. In a nutshell, making the world a more connected place, a nuclear family if you may.
If you think mass media and communication is for you and what to take it up as a profession visit NIMCJ, a mass communication and journalism institute in India to know more.
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23 Jan 2019
Post by : NIMCJ